The era referred to as ‘modernity’ is thought to begin with the writings of the philosopher Rene Descartes in the seventeenth century. Modernity encouraged the growth of science, technology, engineering and research. It also supported the aspirations of nationhood and democracy. Its insistence on scientific knowledge as the way to know the truth, however, continued to marginalise the influence of Christian thought. This encouraged the rise of atheistic ideologies, leading to totalitarianism, world wars and genocide.
“You have made us for yourself, O Lord, and our hearts are restless until they rest in You.”
– St Augustine.